[Sheep Breeds || Breeds of Livestock || Animal Science Home Page || Comment ]. It has a dominant black gene, so a very high percentage of these sheep are born black. They can survive severe drought conditions because of a special quality they have, storing fat in their tails. The Karakuls differ radically in conformation from many other breeds. While these animals are not for sale, arrangements can be made to purchase offspring from these sheep. [6] The pelts have also been used in haute couture. The sheep are active grazers and browsers and have long lop ears. It is the wool from which the art of felting evolved. Karakul, sheep breed of central or west Asian origin, raised chiefly for the skins of very young lambs, which are covered with glossy, tightly curled black coats and are called Persian lamb in the fur trade. Fetal karakul lambs are harvested through miscarriages, induced early delivery or by killing the mother sheep and removing the fetus. Scottish Blackface Sheep Characteristics. The Karakul is distinguished by its colored fleece, which is due to a dominate black gene. and carvings of a distinct Karakul type have been found on ancient Babylonian temples. Breeds of Livestock, Department of Animal Science. Karakuls withstand extremes of either hot or cold but they should have access to dry cover and be kept out of marshy pastures. document.write('animal-science-mail-form'); The Karakuls posses a strong flocking instinct and can be run either on open range or in fenced pastures. Fifty-seven pure and first cross ewes ranging from 10 months to nearly 11 years of age were slaughtered after periods of grazing and barn feeding. Karakul are also raised in large numbers in Namibia, having first been brought there by German colonists in the early 20th century. The shoulders are straight and fleshy. Most lambs are born coal black with lustrous wavy curls, with the face, ears, and legs usually showing smooth, sleek hair. 301.8(b) It is easily spun, with little preparation. Very few animals were obtained. Sheep pelts Karakul Gotland sheep Icelandic based sheep a b s t r a c t In the present work the production and quality of sheep pelts is reviewed with emphasis on three breeds, the Karakul, the Swedish Gotland and the Icelandic sheep, as well as with some information from sheep breeds from Australia and New Zealand. The Karakul is native to Central Asia and is named after a village called Karakul. Fleeces weigh five to ten pounds and have a staple length of six to twelve inches. Rams can be polled or horned; horns vary from short to large outwardly curved spirals. Newborn karakul sheep pelts are called karakul (also spelled caracul), swakara (portmanteau of South West Africa Karakul), astrakhan (Russian and French), Persian lamb, agnello di Persia, (Italian), krimmer (Russian) and garaköli bagana (Turkmen). The colour of the Karakul sheep is mainly black or grey. [1], Hailing from the desert regions of Central Asia, Karakul sheep are renowned for their ability to forage and thrive under extremely harsh living conditions. Karakul lambs may be used either for pelt (Persian lamb) or for meat production. The neck is thin, long and well set at the thorax. Characteristics. Copyright © 1995-2015 Oklahoma State University Board of Regents. They are hardy and adaptable, thriving under rugged conditions in a variety of climates. All current U.S. stock is descended from the original importation and the importation of new bloodlines is restricted by government regulations. The American Karakul Sheep Registry is a roster of the U.S. Karakuls to the degree that it is supported by the Karakul breeders. The legs are medium to long, and light in bone. Wattles are not unusual. Karakul is relatively coarse fiber used for outer garment, carpets and for felting. But there is a great variability in the fleece type of both coats, from "horse tail" coarse to silky soft. Karakul Sheep breeders listing & info The Karakul originated on the high desert plains east of the Caspian Sea and was the traditional source of lambskin and wool for Persian carpets. In their large tail is stored fat, a source of nourishment, similar in function to the camel's hump. Characteristics. Some archaeological evidence points to Karakul sheep being raised there continuously since 1400 BC. [11], "Weird Sheep Breeds - Karakul Sheep | THATSFARMING.COM", "HSUS Investigation: Karakul Sheep and Lamb Slaughter for the Fur Trade", "Karakul Sheep: Bright-eyed and Broad-tailed", "Hamid Karzai's Famous Hat Made From Aborted Lamb Fetuses", "Astrakhan: Hot "New" Fashion is the Same Old Cruelty", "Men's Designers Get Their Pelts: Astrakhan Fur Appeals to Men's Wear Designers", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Karakul_sheep&oldid=1000123477, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 13 January 2021, at 18:09. They are of the fat broadtailed type of sheep. The wool of the adult Karakul (a very strong fiber) was felted or spun into fabric for garments, footwear, carpets, and yurts, among other uses. [4] Dark colors are dominant and lambs often darken in color as they age. Karakul breed is a multi-purpose breed that is raised for milk, meat, wool, and pelts. Body and fleece types vary even in those Karakuls capable of producing lambs of high quality fur. Karakuls are medium-sized sheep, but they differ radically in conformation from many other breeds. PO Box 477, 33 Hillsboro St, Pittsboro, NC 27312, College of Agricultural Sciences & Natural Resources, College of Human & Environmental Sciences, Ag Education, Communications & Leadership, Master of International Agriculture Degree Program. Other colors include a wide range of shades; silver blues grays, golden tans, reddish browns, white with flecks of other colors include a wide range of shades; silver blues, grays, golden tans, reddish browns, white with flecks of other colors and occasionally pure white. The Karakuls posses a strong flocking instinct and can be run either on open range or in fenced pastures. Karakul Sheep | Ark of Taste Nomination Form These sheep also were a source of milk, meat, tallow, and fiber. The Sheep: Pictures were chosen to reflect certain bloodlines, unique characteristics, and breed diversity. A hard life imparted to the breed a hardiness and ability to thrive under adverse conditions, which is distinctive of the Karakul sheep to this day. As the lamb grows, the curls opens and loses its pattern and the color generally begins to turn brownish or bluish gray, getting grayer with age. While they respond to good feed and care, they are excellent foragers and will go through a season of scant food or graze marginal land in which ordinary sheep would not survive. They differ radically in conformation from many other sheep breeds, and they are of the fat broad tailed type of sheep. The best have a fleece as glossy as their lamb coat. There are stored fat in their large tail, which is a source of nourishment and similar in function to the camel’s hump. The Karakul sheep is believed to be one of the oldest domesticated sheep breed in the world and originates from Bukhara region in Uzbekistan, Central Asia (Bravenboer, 2007). We are currently looking for high resolution pictures of any of the breeds. The goal is to upgrade the current stock with selective breeding, to a Karakul of pure type. It got its name from the village of Karakul in West They are considered a fat-tailed (or broad-tailed) sheep, but theirs is not always an extreme version of such. [2] They are currently listed as endangered.[2]. Karakul sheep are a multi-purpose breed, kept for milking, meat, pelts, and wool. Despite competition which makes them the NOTE: The form can also be used for Comments, Suggestions, and Corrections. Some archaeological evidence points to Karakul sheep being raised there continuously since 1400 BC. Ewes are generally hornless. of the Karakul breed of sheep or top-cross breed of such sheep, having hair formed in knuckled curls. The rams will weigh between 175-225 pounds and the ewes range from 100-150 pounds. Their legs are black in color and relatively shorter. Scottish Blackface sheep is a medium to large sized animal with very beautiful appearance. They are of the fat broadtailed type of sheep. The Karakul is native to Central Asia and is named after a village called Karakul which lies in the valley of the Amu Darja River in the former emirate of Bokhara, West Turkestan. It produces a superior carpet yam, is often used for rugs and saddle blankets, outer garments and wall-hangings, and has an excellent felting ability. For this reason, it is important to know the current information about production traits of the breed. Though used primarily for the production of wool, Karakuls are multipurpose sheep with many valuable characteristics. They were also a source of milk, meat, tallow, and wool, a strong fiber that was felted into fabric or woven into carpeting. animal-science-mail-form The fleece is seen in a variety of natural colors. Characteristics: Karakul sheep are a multi-purpose breed, kept for milking, meat, pelts, and wool. The Karakul sheep is a type of fat-tailed sheep, very common to the African and Asian continents, but considered a rare breed in the US and Canada. They are resistant to internal parasites and foot rot. Single lambs are the rule, although twins are born occasionally. [10] The astrakhan collar has appeared in more recent men's fashions, and astrakhan has been featured more extensively in the form of a Formula One-style driving suit made primarily of astrakhan. The Karakul produces a lightweight, high-volume, strong fiber fleece that, at its best is long and lustrous, usually with no crimp. Ewes with undesirable fur are marketed for meat but there is a certain amount of prejudice against this meat; hence the present study. Karakul Sheep Characteristics. The Karakul sheep are medium-sized animals. Occationally individuals are white or pied. In the early 19 th century Karakul sheep farming spread in many countries like Afghanistan, United States of America, Turkey, Russia, Namibia, Botswana and South Africa. Though used primarily for the production of wool, Karakuls are multipurpose sheep with many valuable characteristics. The Karakul sheep are medium-sized animals. The harsh conditions under which they evolved has given them strong and lasting teeth, a key to their longevity. The sheep is usually stockier than its relative the goat (genus Capra ); its horns, when present, are more divergent; it has scent glands in its face and hind feet; and the males lack the beards of goats. The head is long and narrow, slightly indented between the eyes and often exhibiting a Roman type nose. They stand tall, with a long, narrow body. Its purposes are to provide a recording service, to work towards a high standard of quality in the Karakuls and to promote and thereby preserve the breed in the U.S. As the name suggests, face of of these animals are black, sometimes with white markings. [5] Rather than killing healthy female sheep, farmers will kill older sheep that have already given birth many times. They differ radically in conformation from many other sheep breeds, and they are of the fat broad tailed type of sheep. In its native region the colors are called by the following names; Arabi (black), Guligas (pink-roan), Kambar (brown), Shirazi (grey) and Sur (agouti). Many adult Karakul are double-coated; in this case, people separate the coarse guard hair from the undercoat. This region is one of high altitude with scant desert vegetation and a limited water supply. The sheep are aggressive grazers and browsers, useful wherever pastures need improvement. The head is medium-sized with a bulging forehead and medium-sized ears. The purpose of this study was to assess the overall productivity of Karakul sheep and their crosses with local mutton breeds for producing both pelts and lambs for meat. Karakuls breed out of season, making it possible for three lamb crops in two years. st Material and Methods The study was conducted on two Karakul sheep Karakul sheep are kept primarily for lambskinfur production. particularity attributed the lamb pelts of Karakul type 2, 13, 14, 17. [3] The newborn lambs have a tight, curly pattern of hair. The study aimed to investigate fertility, survival ability, growth, production of milk and wool of Karakul sheep under in situ in vivo conservation. Although known as the "fur" sheep, the Karakul provided more than the beautifully patterned silky pelts of the young lambs. All this complex of traits makes of Karakul sheep perhaps the noblest sheep breed and the Karakul lambs, by curling drawing and chromatic variety, are the most beautiful in the world having an elegant and graceful appearance. Sheep pelts are a The narrow appendage below this fat sack is often recurved, giving an S shape. Karakul is a relatively coarse fiber used for outer garments, carpets and for felting. First imported into Canada at the beginning of the 20th century, it is now the only fat tailed sheep in Canada. Considered long-stapled (average 6" to 12" per year), the fleece lacks a high grease content. The Karakul sheep is a type of fat-tailed sheep, very common to the African and Asian continents, but considered a rare breed in the US and Canada. Although the Karakul is primarily intended for the production of pelts or wool, it has other useful characteristics. [7][8] An Astrakhan collar has been used on women's suits[9] and on expensive overcoats. It is a specialty breed that is finding its niche as part of the cottage industry. The Karakul (or Qaraqul) sheep was once deemed Namibia's 'black diamond'. Archeological evidence indicates the existence of the Persian lambskin as early as 1400 B.C. Information on adding new breeds or updating existing information. Perhaps more goat-like than ordinary sheep, they are real survivors. It is hardy and adaptable and can thrive in different climatic conditions in a difficult environment. Characteristics of the breed are a compact body with a straight back and slightly pendulous belly which is covered with wool. With a growing interest in the fiber arts in the United States, there has been an increased interest in the Karakul sheep. Very young or even fetal Karakul lambs are prized for pelts. [5] People use the lamb pelts to create various clothing items, such as the Astrakhan or karakul hat. Annual number of … characteristics. The Karakuls differ radically in conformation from many other breeds. The Karakul is considered a rare breed in the U.S. and most likely will remain so; current population is estimated at 1300 animals. Karakul or Qaraqul (named after Qorako‘l, a city in Bukhara Province in Uzbekistan) is a breed of domestic sheep which originated in Central Asia. Karakul sheep have a wide, fat tail that stores fat. We invite shepherds to note birth coat characteristics for their farm records, KSAR registration and certification, storage and later retrieval in the Alliance database. As a fat-tailed breed, they have a distinctive meat. The head is medium-sized with a bulging forehead and medium-sized ears. --> This broad-tailed, long-haired sheep originated in Central Asia. Fetal karakul lamb pelts are called broadtail, Breitschwanz (German), and karakulcha. As a fat-tailed breed, they have a distinctive meat. The colour of the Karakul sheep is mainly black or grey. There are stored fat in their large tail, which is a source of nourishment and similar in function to the camel’s hump. Project initiated April, 1994 - Initial web site opened February 22, 1995. Characteristics of the Karakul. They do not herd well; they are likely to scatter or fight a dog trying to herd them. King George V had a beaver-lined overcoat with an astrakhan collar that was later worn by his son, the Duke of Windsor. The Karakul has some unique qualities. This is partially due to its multiple uses: fur, fleece, and meat, along with the qualities of hardiness and adaptability. Swakara was coined as a brand name by the Karakul farmers of the then South West Africa, now Namibia, and South Africa, as their Karakul sheep had specific characteristics that those from other parts of the world did not have. U.S. breeders, in their eagerness to produce a large quantity of pelts, introduced other breeds into the bloodlines. This lack of uniformity is apparent. The ewes are very protective and attentive mothers, resulting in a high lamb survival rate. Large flocks are still to be found outside the U.S. especially in Central Asia and South Africa. They do not herd well; they are likely to scatter or fight a dog trying to herd them. As an organization it has evolved from the Karakul Fur Sheep Registry founded in the 1930's and is now recognized as the national registry for the breed. Many adults have a double coat, a fine down undercoat, covered by a coat of guard hair. Many adult Karakul are double-coated; in this case, spinners separate the coarse guard hair from the undercoat. The lambs must be under three days old when they are killed, or they will lose their black color and soft, tightly wound coils of fur. All rights reserved. The long neck is carried semi-erect. The exclusive combination of Persian lamb birth coat, a broadtail, refined ‘desert spirit’ head, and unique topline defines and separates the Karakul from other sheep breeds. Sheep, ( Ovis aries ), species of domesticated ruminant (cud-chewing) mammal, raised for its meat, milk, and wool. Sometimes the terms for newborn lambs' and fetal lambs' pelts are used interchangeably. Today there are small farm flocks scattered throughout the U.S. Karakul sheep are multi-purpose animals originating from the dry regions of … 301.8(a) ‘Broadtail Lamb’ may be used to describe the skin of the prematurely born, stillborn, or very young lamb of the Karakul breed of sheep or top-cross breed of such sheep, having flat light-weight fur with a moire pattern. The top line is highest at the loin with the rump long and sloping, blending into a low set broadtail. The grown sheep are medium-sized; their wool is a mixture of coarse and fine fibres, varying in colour from black to shades of tan and grey. Karakuls were introduced.to the U.S. between 1908 and 1929 for pelt production. The origin of the Dormer from a cross between Dorset Horn rams with German Merino ewes (presently known as the S A Mutton Merino) was a direct consequence of a series of extensive slaughter lamb experiments carried out at the Elsenburg Research Station of the Department of Agriculture since 1927 over a period of more than ten years. Even in their native regions, the demand for furs resulted in a crossing and intermingling of native fat-tailed sheep so that the native flocks exhibit wide variations in type and color.