Approximately a tenth as many enlisted to "go South" and fight for the Confederacy. [41][42] May was eventually released and returned to his seat in Congress in December 1861, and in March 1862 he introduced a bill to Congress requiring the federal government to either indict by grand jury or release all other "political prisoners" still held without habeas. The very nomination of Abraham Lincoln, four years ago, spoke plainly war upon Southern rights and institutions... And looking upon African Slavery from the same stand-point held by the noble framers of our constitution, I for one, have ever considered it one of the greatest blessings (both for themselves and us,) that God has ever bestowed upon a favored nation… I have also studied hard to discover upon what grounds the right of a State to secede has been denied, when our very name, United States, and the Declaration of Independence, both provide for secession.[81]. [45] This is the only time in United States military history that two regiments of the same numerical designation and from the same state have engaged each other in battle. The Civil War didn't start when the Confederate states left the Union, it started with the Battle of Fort Sumter. Maryland in the Civil War Introduction While Maryland stayed within the Union, it was mostly by the strong hand of Abraham Lincoln. The border between Maryland and Virginia is the Potomac River. They are also likely to get better sickness and pension benefits, more paid holiday and more control over things like shifts and working hours. History of Maryland From the Earliest Period to the Present Day. Whether or not Lincoln intended Congress to ratify his actions, Congress did not enact any such legislation until 1863. Bradford's election removed any doubt that Maryland would remain in the Union. ", The state's participation as a Union slave state; a border state, Marylanders fought both for the Union and the Confederacy, Constitution of 1864, and the abolition of slavery. The US State of Maryland abbreviated by Md. [38][39], The following month in November 1861, Judge Richard Bennett Carmichael, a presiding state circuit court judge in Maryland, was imprisoned without charge for releasing, due to his concern that arrests were arbitrary and civil liberties had been violated, many of the southern sympathizers seized in his jurisdiction. In early 1861, Maryland was walking a tightrope between the Union and the Confederacy. [75] This was a controversial result, given the state's Confederate ties and sympathies. [8] Butler fortified his position and trained his guns upon the city, threatening its destruction. In this case U.S. Supreme Court Chief Justice, and native Marylander, Roger B. Taney, acting as a federal circuit court judge, ruled that the arrest of Merryman was unconstitutional without Congressional authorization, which Lincoln could not then secure: The President, under the Constitution and laws of the United States, cannot suspend the privilege of the writ of habeas corpus, nor authorize any military officer to do so. Maryland exile George H. Steuart, leading the 2nd Maryland Infantry regiment, is said to have jumped down from his horse, kissed his native soil and stood on his head in jubilation. … 228-259 listing more than 300 men born in Maryland. [87] Democrats therefore re-branded themselves the "Democratic Conservative Party", and Republicans called themselves the "Union" party, in an attempt to distance themselves from their most radical elements during the war. ... Lincoln threw up his hands in frustration at the failure of his commanders to stay out of the state's politics. 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