In turn, these light up the gas clouds in a riot of colours, visible in this image from the NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope. These have been shown to have a relationship between their absolute luminosity and the period over which their brightness varies. There was a problem. The Large Magellanic Cloud and Small Magellanic Cloud are satellites of our own galaxy, lying only 50-60 kpc away. [39], Another was launched from same atoll at 11:32 UTC on October 29, 1968, to scan the LMC for X-rays. ESO056-115 (Large Magellanic Cloud) - Barred Spiral Galaxy is classified as Barred Spiral (Bm) according to the Hubble and de Vaucouleurs galaxy morphological classification. The Lionel-Murphy SNR (N86) nitrogen-abundant supernova remnant was named by astronomers at the Australian National University's Mount Stromlo Observatory, acknowledging Australian High Court Justice Lionel Murphy's interest in science and its perceived resemblance to his large nose. The Large Magellanic Cloud harbour one of the most luminous non-stellar object – the Tarantula Nebula, one of the most intense starburst regions in the galaxy. The Large Magellanic Cloud contains a highly active starbirth region called the Tarantula Nebula. The most prominent member is the Andromeda galaxy, a Northern Hemisphere object visible with the naked eye just north of the constellation of the same name. Figure 26.9 4-Meter Telescope at Cerro Tololo Inter-American Observatory Silhouetted against the Southern Sky. − The LMC is a satellite galaxy of the Milky Way. They found this by using Hubble to track the motion of stars in the galaxies sideways with respect to the plane of the sky. [26] measured velocities for ~80 clusters and found that the LMC's cluster system has kinematics consistent with the clusters moving in a disk-like distribution. The Large Magellanic Cloud is a well-known example. The light echoes of supernova 1987A are also geometric measurements, without any stellar models or assumptions. He mentioned "three Canopes [sic], two bright and one obscure"; "bright" refers to the two Magellanic Clouds, and "obscure" refers to the Coalsack.[16]. Of or pertaining to, or named from, Ferdinand Magellan , the navigator. From 2001 to 2002 this inclined geometry was confirmed by the same means,[22] by core helium-burning red clump stars,[23] and by the tip of the red giant branch. The LMC is part of a collection of dozens of galaxies known as the Local Group, so named because they are fairly close to our own Milky Way galaxy. Magellanic spiral galaxies are (usually) dwarf galaxies which are classified as the type Sm (and SAm, SBm, SABm).They are galaxies with one single spiral arm, and are named after their prototype, the Large Magellanic Cloud, an SBm galaxy. My Account | … Not. Below about 28° south the galaxy is always sufficiently above the horizon to be considered properly circumpolar, thus spring and autumn also are seasons of much-of-night visibility, and the height of winter in June nearly coincides with closest proximity to the Sun's apparent position. This distance has been confirmed by other authors.[7][8]. The Large Magellanic Cloud's Top 250: Classification of the Most Luminous Compact 8 μm Sources in the Large Magellanic Cloud Joel H. Kastner et al. Magellan's discovery of the LMC and SMC predated telescopes, but even after the instruments allowed Galileo and astronomers in the 17th century to get a closer look, it was still several hundred years before scientists could accurately calculate the distance to the LMC, the SMC and other nearby galaxies. They are galaxies with one single spiral arm, and are named after their prototype, the Large Magellanic Cloud, an SBm galaxy. Other classification schemes and galaxy types. "Knowing a galaxy's rotation rate offers insight into how a galaxy formed, and it can be used to calculate its mass.". Intergalactic travel is the hypothetical crewed or uncrewed travel between galaxies. At a distance of 163,000 light-years, it is the third closest galaxy to the Milky Way. [47], A 16 ms X-ray pulsar is associated with SNR 0538-69.1. Nearly 200,000 light-years from Earth, the Large Magellanic Cloud, a satellite galaxy of the Milky Way, floats in space, in a long and slow dance around our galaxy. Define Magellanic. In turn, these light up the gas clouds in a riot of colours, visible in this image from the NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope. [18] The central bar seems to be warped so that the east and west ends are nearer the Milky Way than the middle. They contain an unusually high concentration of gas, unlike most satellite galaxies, implying that they are passing by the Milky Way, rather than orbiting the galaxy. Vast clouds of gas within it slowly collapse to form new stars. NY 10036. Parameters of these systems can be measured without mass or compositional assumptions. Local Group. Magellanic spiral galaxies are (usually) dwarf galaxies which are classified as the type Sm (and SAm, SBm, SABm).They are galaxies with one single spiral arm, and are named after their prototype, the Large Magellanic Cloud, an SBm galaxy. And, understanding how these galaxies move has helped researchers better calculate the mass of the LMC. The LMC is classified as a Magellanic spiral. , or 48 kpc (~157,000 light-years). 2008 The Astronomical Journal 136 1221 IOPscience. [39] The LMC was not detected in the X-ray range 8–80 keV. The nearby dwarf galaxy known as the Large Magellanic Cloud (LMC) is a chemically primitive place. Spitzer Sage Survey of the Large Magellanic Cloud. The Large Magellanic Cloud, at its distance of 179,000 light years, was longly considered the nearest external galaxy, until in 1994, the Sagittarius Dwarf Elliptical Galaxy was discovered at only about 80,000 light years. Amazon.in - Buy Magellanic Clouds: Irregular galaxy, Dwarf galaxy, Galaxy morphological classification, Local Group, Orbit, Milky Way, Large Magellanic Cloud book online at best prices in India on Amazon.in. This is a quick (4 x 30s = 2m) of integration with a Canon L Series 200m lens @ f4 / ISO 3200. A massive star is forming in the Large Magellanic Cloud (LMC), and astronomers have a rare visible light view of it. The Large Magellanic Cloud (LMC) is a satellite galaxy of the Milky Way. III. In turn, these light up the gas clouds in a riot of colors, visible in this image from the Hubble Space Telescope. Types and Classification of Galaxies. They can be considered to be intermediate between dwarf spiral galaxies and irregular galaxies. A)Large Magellanic Cloud B)Small Magellanic Cloud C)Triangulum Quiz Question 1 With such a dearth of heavy elements, astronomers predict that the LMC should […] The Large and Small Magellanic Clouds (LMC and SMC) — a pair of dwarf galaxy companions to the Milky Way — had, of course, been observed by countless people before. Nearly 200 000 light-years from Earth, the Large Magellanic Cloud, a satellite galaxy of the Milky Way, floats in space, in a long and slow dance around our galaxy. Galaxy Classification. Another discovery in 2003, the Canis Major dwarf galaxy, turned out to be even closer. So, for example a galaxy of classification of E0 appears to be perfectly circular, … The Large Magellanic Cloud, a dwarf galaxy. The Large Magellanic Cloud, known as the LMC, is a nearby satellite galaxy of our own Milky Way. At about 163,000 light-years from Earth, the dwarf galaxy looks like a faint cloud in Southern Hemisphere skies. The Andromeda galaxy is 2.5 million light-years away and is moving closer to our galaxy for an eventual collision. Is NASA about to get its first female leader. [40] The first discrete X-ray source in Dorado was at RA 05h 20m Dec −69°,[40][41] and it was the Large Magellanic Cloud. Further work on the structure of the LMC using the kinematics of carbon stars showed that the LMC's disk is both thick[24] and flared. Which galaxy is not a companion of the Milky Way? Until recently, the LMC and the SMC were thought to have made multiple trips around the Milky Way. A notable example of one such system is that of de Vaucouleurs. SMC Galaxy Profile. You will receive a verification email shortly. In this extension of our previous ultraviolet classification study of Small Magellanic Cloud stars, we construct an ultraviolet classification system for stars of the Large Magellanic Cloud, a galaxy with a metallicity intermediate to those of the Milky Way and the SMC. {\displaystyle (m-M)_{0}=18.41} This implies that the upper-left SNR is the product of a Type Ia supernova; much lower such abundance in the lower remnant belies a Type II supernova. Mon. In fact, as we note in the right panel, they are sufficiently nearby that they are interacting tidally with the Milky Way. The Large Magellanic Cloud (LMC) is a satellite dwarf galaxy of the Milky Way that is among the closest galaxies to Earth. The advent of the Spitzer Space Telescope (Werner et al. Long-period variables in the Large Magellanic Cloud. Like many irregular galaxies, the LMC is rich in gas and dust, and is currently undergoing vigorous star formation activity. One of them, the Large Magellanic Cloud (LMC), is a luminous patch about 5° in diameter, and the other, the Small Magellanic Cloud (SMC), measures less than 2° across. The largest of these is the Large Magellanic Cloud with a diameter of 14,000 light-years. But while the LMC is about 180,000 light-years away and a well-known satellite of our own Milky Way Galaxy, NGC 55 is more like 6 million light-years distant, a member of the Sculptor Galaxy Group. When Hubble first created this diagram, he believed that this was an evolutionary sequence as well as a classification. [25] Regarding the distribution of star clusters in the LMC, Schommer et al. It is often known colloquially as the “Hubble tuning-fork” because of the shape in which it is traditionally represented. The Large Magellanic Cloud is a petite galaxy visible with the unaided eye – all year round – for those in the Southern Hemisphere. These are an example of “galactic cannibalism”. About 210,000 light-years away in the constellation of the Tucan ( Tucana ), it is more distant than other known Milky Way satellite galaxies , including the Sagittarius Dwarf galaxy and the Large Magellanic Cloud . Elliptical galaxies are given a classification that corresponds to their elongation from a perfect circle, otherwise known as their ellipticity. They can be considered to be intermediate between dwarf spiral galaxies and irregular galaxies. Both Magellanic Clouds are irregular dwarf galaxies orbiting our Milky Way galaxy, and thus are members of our Local Group of galaxies. The galaxy and southern end of Dorado are in the current epoch at opposition on about 5 December when thus visible from sunset to sunrise from equatorial points such as Ecuador, the Congos, Uganda, Kenya and Indonesia and for part of the night in nearby months. [46], DEM L316 in the Cloud consists of two supernova remnants. /mædʒəˈlænɪk/ (say majuh lanik) adjective relating to or named after Ferdinand Magellan Unlike the Milky Way, this semi-spiral collection of a few tens-of-billions of stars lacks our galaxy’s rich abundance of heavy elements, like carbon, oxygen, and nitrogen. It is part of a larger cloud of gas and dust, and its high rate of star formation may be caused by compression of interstellar gas and dust by the collision of the cloud with the interstellar medium. The Large Magellanic Cloud (LMC) is a satellite galaxy of our own Milky Way. The Hubble sequence is a morphological classification scheme for galaxiesinvented by Edwin Hubblein 1926. Galaxy Classification: In addition to spiral and elliptical galaxies, there are also irregular and lenticular galaxies (S0) . Galaxies show a vast range of forms, and faced with any such situation we would like to seek any underlying patterns. [34] Supernova 1987a—the nearest supernova in recent years—was in the Large Magellanic Cloud. The LMC has a wide range of galactic objects and phenomena that make it known as an "astronomical treasure-house, a great celestial laboratory for the study of the growth and evolution of the stars", per Robert Burnham Jr.[33] Surveys of the galaxy have found roughly 60 globular clusters, 400 "planetary nebulae", and 700 open clusters, along with hundreds of thousands of giant and supergiant stars. A distance of 49.97 kpc (163,000 light-years) with an accuracy of 2.2% was obtained.[2]. Both Magellanic Clouds are irregular dwarf galaxies orbiting our Milky Way galaxy, and thus are members of our Local Group of galaxies. [35], A bridge of gas connects the Small Magellanic Cloud (SMC) with the LMC, which evinces tidal interaction between the galaxies. Its superb angular resolution makes it possible to identify YSOs even in nearby galaxies, such as the Large and Small Magellanic Clouds (LMC and SMC). "Hubble's biggest contribution is enabling us to clock how fast the Magellanic clouds are moving," said Gurtina Besla, a researcher at the University of Arizona who studies dwarf galaxies. Tracking on EQ8 mount, piggyback. a. The Large and Small Magellanic Clouds are located 160,000 and 200,000 light-years from Earth, and stretch 15,000 and 7,000 light-years across, respectively. The LMC was long considered to be a planar galaxy that could be assumed to lie at a single distance from the Solar System. [36] The Magellanic Clouds have a common envelope of neutral hydrogen, indicating that they have been gravitationally bound for a long time. Vast clouds of gas within it slowly collapse to form new stars. Jan. 15, 2006: Stardust spacecraft returns samples of comet dust, Curiosity rover celebrates 3,000 Martian days on the Red Planet, After 'Apollo 11': New short film goes into 'Quarantine' after first moon landing, NASA extends planetary science missions at Mars and Jupiter. [40] An X-ray astronomy instrument was carried aboard a Thor missile launched from the same atoll on September 24, 1970, at 12:54 UTC and altitudes above 300 km (186 mi), to search for the Small Magellanic Cloud and to extend observation of the LMC. Vast clouds of gas within it slowly collapse to form new stars. [43], The Large Magellanic Cloud (LMC) appears in the constellations Mensa and Dorado. [17], The Large Magellanic Cloud has a prominent central bar and spiral arm. In 2007, Besla overturned conventional wisdom when she suggested that the LMC and SMC were making their first orbit of our galaxy. This active region of star formation in the Large Magellanic Cloud (LMC), as photographed by NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope, unveils wispy clouds of hydrogen and oxygen that swirl and mix with dust on a canvas of astronomical size. It’s 14,000 light-years across, making… This bridge of gas is a star-forming site. The Large Magellanic Cloud is a satellite galaxy of the Milky Way nearly 200,000 light-years from Earth. Visit our corporate site. ) Soc. In general, the LMC is an excellent spot to look if you want to see stars being born, NASA said in a statement. The team next plans to turn its attention to the SMC to do the same sort of analysis. This classification is a spiral galaxy with a bar of type magellanic. The LMC carries a significant amount of stars and gas with it as it approaches our galaxy. One example of this kind of research is the study of the LMC's rotation, which was picked up by the Hubble Space Telescope and published in February 2014. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Galaxy_morphological_classification ( First determined with Hubble, the rotation of the LMC is presented here with fine data from the Sun-orbiting Gaia satellite. The galaxy now bears his name. It is also close enough to study in detail (less than a 10th of the distance to the Andromeda galaxy, the closest spiral galaxy) and lies almost face-on to us, giving us a bird's-eye view.". Another, smaller star-forming region within the LMC is in a spot known as LHA 120-N 11. By pointing NASA's Hubble Space Telescope toward the two clouds, scientists began to catch a glimpse of the objects' histories. = For other uses, see |SBM|.| ||Magellanic spiral gal... World Heritage Encyclopedia, the aggregation of the largest online encyclopedias available, and the most definitive collection ever assembled. [31] It holds the Tarantula Nebula, the most active star-forming region in the Local Group. It lies on the border of the constellations Dorado and Mensa. Please refresh the page and try again. Type: Dwarf galaxy. The Magellanic Clouds are irregular galaxies that share a gaseous envelope and lie about 22° apart in the sky near the south celestial pole. Photo: The Large Magellanic Cloud | ESO/VMC Survey The Large Magellanic Cloud (LMC) is a satellite of the Milky Way, as well as one of our closest galactic neighbors at 49.97 kiloparsecs (162,980.34 lightyears) away. [38] The second took off from Johnston Atoll at 17:13 UTC and reached an apogee of 160 km (99 mi), with spin-stabilization at 5.6 rps. [42] This X-ray source extended over about 12° and is consistent with the Cloud. [11], The Milky Way and the LMC are predicted to collide in approximately 2.4 billion years. The Hubble classification of galaxies, also referred to as the ‘tuning fork’ diagram because of its shape, classes galaxies along three main lines into: Elliptical galaxies; Spiral galaxies; Barred Spiral Galaxies Large Magellanic Cloud Small Magellanic Cloud Southern Hemisphere only Virgo Coma Notice the giant ellipticals at the centers of many clusters. Unfortunately, those in the Milky Way typically used to calibrate the relation are more metal-rich than those found in the LMC.[29]. [Images: 50 Fabulous Deep-Space Nebula Photos]. At a distance of 163,000 light-years, it is the third closest galaxy to the Milky Way. They can be considered to be intermediate between dwarf spiral galaxies and irregular galaxies The two most famous dwarf galaxies for us earthlings are, of course, the Small and Large Magellanic Clouds, visible to the unaided eye in Earth’s Southern Hemisphere sky. The Large Magellanic Cloud (LMC) is a satellite dwarf galaxy of the Milky Way that is among the closest galaxies to Earth. For other uses, see |SBM|.| ||Magellanic spiral gal... World Heritage Encyclopedia, the aggregation of the largest online encyclopedias available, and the most definitive collection ever assembled. Which galaxy is not a companion of the Milky Way? [12], Although both clouds have been easily visible for southern nighttime observers well back into prehistory, the first known written mention of the Large Magellanic Cloud was by the Persian astronomer 'Abd al-Rahman al-Sufi Shirazi (later known in Europe as "Azophi"), in his Book of Fixed Stars around 964 AD. Thank you for signing up to Space. Name of Galaxy (and where to find a photo of it) Type of Galaxy The Large and Small Magellanic Clouds (Figure 26.9) M87 (Figure 28.15) M100 (Figure 26.4(a)) NGC 4866 (see below) For example, the Large Magellanic Cloud contains the 30 Doradus complex (also known as the Tarantula Nebula), one of the largest and most luminous groups of supergiant stars known in any galaxy. In this extension of our previous ultraviolet classification study of Small Magellanic Cloud stars, we construct an ultraviolet classification system for stars of the Large Magellanic Cloud, a galaxy with a metallicity intermediate to those of the Milky Way and the SMC. Portuguese explorer Ferdinand Magellan was the first to document the SMC and its companion galaxy, the Large Magellanic Cloud (LMC), doing so between the years 1519 and 1522. The Large and Small Magellanic Clouds (LMC and SMC) — a pair of dwarf galaxy companions to the Milky Way — had, of course, been observed by … New York, "The LMC being there is both helpful and a bit of a hindrance to understanding the total mass of the Milky Way," Besla said. Images captured by the Hubble Space Telescope show that this region consists of several pockets of gas and numerous brilliant new stars. From then on, the LMC was considered the closest galactic object to Earth until 1994, when astronomers found the Sagittarius dwarf elliptical galaxy, according to NASA. Some astronomers have found some evidence of sprial structure in this galaxy, so it is sometimes refered to as a spiral galaxy of type SBm. Coordinates: 05h 23m 34.5s, −69° 45′ 22″, Irregular galaxy, satellite of the Milky Way, "Large Magellanic Cloud: spectacular from Earth's southern hemisphere | Clusters Nebulae Galaxies", "Observatoire de Paris (Abd-al-Rahman Al Sufi)", "Observatoire de Paris (Amerigo Vespucci)", "Press release: Magellanic Clouds May Be Just Passing Through", "Precisely determined rotation rate of this galaxy will blow your mind", "The geometry and distance of the Magellanic Clouds from Cepheid variables", "Uncovering a Supernova Remnant Hidden Near LMCX-1", "Dark Energy Camera Snaps Deepest Photo yet of Galactic Siblings", Large Magellanic Cloud at Constellation Guide, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Large_Magellanic_Cloud&oldid=998904795, Astronomical objects known since antiquity, Wikipedia articles with WorldCat-VIAF identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, –  First hydrogen compression in the Magellanic Current, This page was last edited on 7 January 2021, at 15:49. "It lies in a fortuitous location in the sky, far enough from the plane of the Milky Way that it is neither outshone by too many nearby stars, nor obscured by the dust in the Milky Way's center," NASA stated. The Large Magellanic Cloud, at its distance of 179,000 light years, was longly considered the nearest external galaxy, until in 1994, the Sagittarius Dwarf Elliptical Galaxy was discovered at only about 80,000 light years. Based on readily visible stars and a mass of approximately 10 billion solar masses, the diameter of the LMC is about 14,000 light-years (4.3 kpc), making it roughly one one-hundredth as massive as the Milky Way. In fact the galaxy is thought to be orbiting inside the Milky Way. Nearly 200 000 light-years from Earth, the Large Magellanic Cloud, a satellite galaxy of the Milky Way, floats in space, in a long and slow dance around our galaxy. The Large Magellanic Cloud lies about 163 thousand light-years from Earth. Researchers said the gravitational pull of the Milky Way is what caused the tail of gas and dust known as the Magellanic Stream that was ripped from the SMC. Magellan died in the Philippines during that voyage, but his crew provided documentation of the discovery upon their return to Europe. These measurements may help reveal more about our own galaxy, too. Both the LMC and its companion, the Small Magellanic Cloud (SMC), are named after the explorer Ferdinand Magellan. Get breaking space news and the latest updates on rocket launches, skywatching events and more! My Account | … Magellanic [mægә'lænik, mædʒә-] adj. "Studying this nearby galaxy by tracking the stars' movements gives us a better understanding of the internal structure of disk galaxies," Nitya Kallivayalil, a researcher at the University of Virginia who participated in the research, said in a statement. It’s 14,000 light-years across, making… [43] The source in the LMC appeared extended and contained star ε Dor. The results of a study using late-type eclipsing binaries to determine the distance more accurately was published in the scientific journal Nature in March 2013. Since the SMC and the LMC are also close enough to gravitationally interact with each other, looking at how they move in relation to each other may reveal information about the movements of other galaxies in the Local Group, the researchers said. Ferdinand Magellan sighted the LMC on his voyage in 1519 and his writings brought it into common Western knowledge. 000, 000–000 (0000) Printed 2 February 2008 (MN LATEX style file v2.2) Lightcurve Classification in Massive Variability Surveys II: Transients towards the Large Magellanic … Future US, Inc. 11 West 42nd Street, 15th Floor, And if you have a news tip, correction or comment, let us know at: community@space.com. The Small Magellanic Cloud actually spans 15,000 light-years or so and contains several hundred million stars. While astronomers in the Southern Hemisphere saw these clouds before Magellan's round-the-world voyage in 1519, the explorer and his crew were the first to bring that knowledge to the Western world. Two of these three types are further divided and classified into a system that is now known the tuning fork diagram. Magellanic spiral galaxies are (usually) dwarf galaxies which are classified as the type Sm (and SAm, SBm, SABm). A)Large Magellanic Cloud B)Small Magellanic Cloud C)Triangulum Quiz Question 1 7) The Large Magellanic Cloud-- This Irregular galaxy is one of the Milky Way Galaxy's closest companions, located only 160,000 light years away. [3] This makes the LMC the fourth-largest galaxy in the Local Group, after the Andromeda Galaxy (M31), the Milky Way, and the Triangulum Galaxy (M33). Distance to the LMC has been calculated using standard candles; Cepheid variables are one of the most popular. Join our Space Forums to keep talking space on the latest missions, night sky and more! The researchers discovered that the LMC makes a rotation every 250 million years. A major cluster formation episode is found to happen at 125 ± 25 Myr in the inner LMC. [45] Of the first five luminous LMC X-ray binaries: LMC X-1, X-2, X-3, X-4 and A 0538–66 (detected by Ariel 5 at A 0538–66), LMC X-2 is the one that is a bright low-mass X-ray binary system (LMXB) in the LMC. ... Hubble's original classification lumped all galaxies that are not spirals or … Galaxy interactions distort the distribution of baryonic matter and can affect star formation. While this technique has been used for more-nearby objects before, this effort represented the first time the method was used for a galaxy. It is a remnant of a spectacular explosion whose light travelled 160 000 years to reach us, revealing yet another strangeness in the Universe. [5] At a distance of around 50 kiloparsecs (≈163,000 light-years),[2][6][7][8] the LMC is the second- or third-closest galaxy to the Milky Way, after the Sagittarius Dwarf Spheroidal (~16 kpc) and the possible dwarf irregular galaxy known as the Canis Major Overdensity. A 2012 composite image of the Tarantula Nebula — a region of the LMC more properly known as 30 Doradus — revealed violence and radiation through the lenses of the Hubble, Chandra and Spitzer space telescopes. Have made multiple trips around the Milky Way 200,000 light-years from Earth be a planar galaxy that could be to. Candles ; Cepheid variables in the Large Magellanic Cloud has a prominent bar its! And its companion, the Large Magellanic Cloud is a nearby satellite galaxy of the brightest star... Decof -69d45.4m the hypothetical crewed or uncrewed travel between galaxies 0540-697 was resolved using ROSAT, billion. Light-Years across, respectively galaxy is not a companion of the SMASH showing! 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Galaxies orbiting our Milky Way the closest galaxies to Earth showing a wide-angle view of the Way. A gaseous envelope and lie about 22° apart in the Large Magellanic Cloud with a of. Region consists of several pockets of gas within it slowly collapse to form new stars authors... Irregular and lenticular galaxies ( S0 ) extended over about 12° and is with! Have a relationship between their absolute luminosity was re-calibrated using Cepheid variables are one of the constellations Dorado Mensa... With SNR 0538-69.1 ] Regarding the distribution of star clusters the Small Magellanic Cloud ( LMC ) is satellite! Nebula Photos ] by other authors. [ 50 ] one of the Milky Way discovery in 2003, Tarantula... All year round – for those in the Large Magellanic Cloud ( SMC Group... Primitive place known colloquially as the LMC are predicted to collide in approximately 2.4 billion years, 2018 Space.com!